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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 1998;25(3): 635-648.
원광대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실.원광치의학연구소
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he clinical use of fluoride with a well known osteogenic action in osteoporotic patients is rational, because this condition is characterized by impaired bone formation. However, its anabolic effect has not been demonstrated well in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of sodium fluoride on the physiological role of osteoblastic cell. Osteoblastic cells were isolated from fetal rat calvaria. The results were as follows : 1. Mineralized nodules were shown in osteoblastic cell cultures, which had been maintained in the presence of ascorbic acid and β-glycerophosphate up to 21 days. When cultures were treated with pulses of 48 hr duration before apparent mineralization was occurring, 2-fold increased in their number was detected. 2. Alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblastic cells was inhibited by sodium fluoride in dose dependent manner. 3. The effect of sodium fluoride on the osteoblastic cell proliferation was measured by the incorporation of [3H]-thymidine into DNA. As a result, sodium fluoride at 1~100μM$ increased the [3H]-thymidine incorporation into DNA in a dose dependent manner. 4. The signaling mechanism activated by sodium fluoride dose-dependently enhanced the tyrosine phosphorylation of the adaptor molecule Shcp66 and their association with Grb2, one of earlier events in a MAP kinase activation pathway cascade used by a significant subset of G protein-coupled receptors. 5. The phosphorylation of CREB(cAMP response element binding protein)was inhibited by the sodium fluoride in MC3T3E1 cells. In conclusion, the results of this study suggested that the mitogenic effect of the sodium fluoride in MC3T3E1 cell was stimulated in a dose-dependent manner and suggested "an important role for the interaction between She and Grb2" in controlling the proliferation of osteoblasts.
Keywords: Sodium fluoride | Alkaline phosphatase | Shc | Grb2 | CREB
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