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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 1997;24(2): 436-448.
THE EFFECT OF TOPICAL FLUORIDES ON SURFACE STRUCTURES OF VARIOUS ESTHETIC RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
김은영, 최병재
연세대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
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ABSTRACT
Topical fluoride application for children is a widely performed procedure in the field of Pediatric Dentistry for its dental caries prevention effects. However, it is recently recognized as having some unwanted effects on several esthetic restorative materials as it roughens the surfaces of the restorative materials. In order to evaluate the surface changes in esthetic restorative materials, the author immersed composite resin, glass ionomer cement, and resin-modified glass ionomer cement specimens in various topical fluoride agents and measured the weight loss and also, examined the specimens under the scanning electron microscope. The followings are the results : 1. All the specimens immersed in APF gel for 4 minutes showed statistically significant weight loss. (paired t-test, P<0.05). 2. There was no statistically significant weight loss for the resin-modified glass ionomer cement and composite resin groups immersed in sodium fluoride solution (paired t-test, P>0.05). 3. When the glass ionomer cement group was immersed in APF gel for 1 and 4 minutes, there was a statistically significant weight loss compare to other esthetic restorative materials (ANOVA, P<0.05). 4. In the resin-modified glass ionomer cement group and the composite resin group, weight loss in the APF gel 4 minutes immersion group was greater than the 1 minute immersion group, and it was statistically significant (ANOVA, P<0.05). 5. When the specimens were examined under scanning electron microscope, the surface changes were greatest in the order of glass ionomer cement, resin-modified glass ionomer cement, composite resin and also in the order of APF gel 4 minute immersion group, 1 minute immersion group, sodium fluoride immersion group, and control group.
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