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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 1997;24(4): 795-804.
한정재, 김대업, 이광희
원광대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
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Developmental dental morphological anomalies are fusion, gemination, twinning, concrescence and etc. They may cause many problems in conservative, periodontal and esthetic aspects. Fusion is a condition where two separate tooth buds unite at some stage in their development to form a bifid crown. If tooth contact occurs early, at least before the start of calcification, the two teeth may be completely unites to form a single large tooth. If tooth contact occurs after the time when a portion of the tooth crown has completed its formation, there may be union of the roots only. In fusion the dentin is always confluent. Fusion teeth is more common in the deciduous than in the permanent dentition. Fused teeth are relatively rare, and are mostly mandibular anterior teeth. Fusion of normal and supernumerary teeth or between normal teeth may occurs. The exact etiology factor of fusion is unknown, but genetic and environmental factors seems to be related. A variety of complications and subsequent treatments have been suggested on this teeth. Periodontal conditions may arise due to a groove formed at the line of fusion of the two teeth. Crowding or Protrusion with potential for malocclusion or delayed eruption of adjacent teeth. Fusion teeth appear in the anterior region, they usually cause esthetic problems. Treatments vary depending on the problem, the location, and the extent of fusion. Treatment of fused teeth has been reported from endodontic, orthodontic, periodontic, surgical and multidisciplinary. This report presents the esthetic improvements by separation of two clinical crowns. Bone reduction or endodontic treatments are not required.
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