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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2009;36(1): 157-167.
Sung-Ki Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Dong-Soo Lee, Shin Kim, Tae-Sung Jeong
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Pusan National University School of Dentistry
Corresponding Author: Tae-Sung Jeong ,Tel: 051-240-7451, Email: tsjeong@pusan.ac.kr
Received: November 20, 2008;  Accepted: January 31, 2009.
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The incidence of childhood cancer is greatest in the first year of life. Early diagnosis and advances in medicine have significantly improved outcomes of treatment resulting in higher survival rate; however, this progress comes at the expense of a higher incidence of adverse side effects because of more aggressive antineoplastic treatment strategies. The oral cavity, a trauma-prone environment, is extremely sensitive to toxicities from antineoplastic agents. Oral health care specialists, including pediatric and hospital dentists can support the oncology team by providing basic oral care, implementing oral care protocols, delivering emergency dental treatment, and assisting and/or managing oral complications from cancer therapy. This article covers the considerations in the dental management of pediatric patients undergoing cancer treatment, specifically chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Keywords: Anti cancer therapy | Oral health care | Chemotherapy
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