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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2008;35(1): 102-109.
DENTAL CARIES STATUS AND RELATED FACTORS AMONG DISABLED CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENT IN KOREA
Seong-Hwa Jeong1, Ji-Young Kim2, Ji-Hye Park1, Youn-Hee Choi1, Keun-Bae Song1, Young-Jin Kim3
1Department of Preventive Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University,
2Department of Dental Hygiene, Ulsan College
3Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University,
Corresponding Author: Keun-Bae Song ,Tel: 053-660-6870, Email: kbsong@knu.ac.kr
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ABSTRACT
The aims of this study were to evaluate dental caries status and to analyze the dental caries related factors which could explain the relationship between dental caries and disabled type, severity of handicap, and oral health behaviors among disabled children and adolescent in Korea. A total of 677 subjects aged from 6 to 18 were finally selected by stratified cluster sampling. They were examined by 13 trained dentists and interviewed with questionnaire. For the crude and adjusted associations, bivariate and multivariate analysis were performed using SPSS program(SPSS Inc, Chicago, USA). DMFT index were 0.90(ages 6-8), 2.32(ages 9-11), 3.63(ages 12-14) and 4.93(ages 15-17), respectively. The DMFT index was significantly related to age, frequency and dependency of toothbrushing, and mastication and functional disorder. Specialized preventive care program which accounted the age and toothbrushing instruction be developed and adapted to promote oral health status and behaviors of disabled children and adolescent in Korea.
Keywords: Dental caries | Children/Adolescent | Disabled type | Oral health behavior | Oral function disorder
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