J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2007;34(1): 19-26.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ORAL STATUS AND DENTAL CARIES ACTIVITY ON MENTAL RETARDATION STUDENTS
한수경1, 김남순1, 조홍규2, 송호준3, 최충호3, 최남기3
1조선대학교 교육대학원
2광주보건대학
3전남대학교 치의학전문대학원 및 치의학연구소
Corresponding Author: 최남기 ,
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to evaluate oral health status, caries-inducing bacterial activity of the mental retardation students, and developing motivation method for improving oral hygiene management by clarifying the relationship between caries-inducing bacterial activity and oral health status of mental retardation students. Caries experience indices, caries susceptibility test, gingival health evaluation, and oral hygiene management and oral health survey were performed. Results were as follows : 1. The DMFT index of disabled students(12 years) was 2.07. 2. The gingival inflammation was occurred more frequently in older ages. 3. There also was a high positive correlation between caries incidences and the results of caries-inducing bacterial activity test especially in deciduous teeth. This result suggested that the Dentocult SM mutans test as a caries activity test is a reliable method for measuring the status of dental caries in mental retardation students. Because it would motivate the mental retardation students to care more actively for their oral hygiene if they learn how much dental caries-inducing bacteria are living in their mouth by observing the bacterial colony on the cultured test strip, it can become a possibly efficient educational tool for the mental retardation students.
Keywords: Mental retardation | Caries susceptibility | Gingivitis
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