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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2004;31(3): 412-420.
ANTEROGRADE AMNESIC EFFECT OF MIDAZOLAM
이정하, 김미라, 이난영, 이상호
조선대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
Corresponding Author: 이상호 ,
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to assess the anterograde amnesic effect of Midazolam administrated by intranasal and oral route. Fifteen healthy volunteers(ASA I) were administrated with placebo, oral Midazolam(15mg), intranasal Midazolam(0.25mg/kg) every 2 weeks. First picture cards were shown to volunteers before medication. At 15, 30, 45 minutes, other picture cards were shown to volunteers. BP, SpO2 and sedation scores were measured. After 24 hours, the volunteers were questioned about their memory of pictures. To assess amnesic effect, recall and recognition test were performed using a series of picture cards designed for this purpose. The obtained results were as follows; 1. Compared to placebo, Midazolam group(oral and intranasal) experienced a significant anterograde amnesic effect(P<0.01) 2. There was no difference between oral and intranasal Midazolam(P>0.01). 3. Anterograde amnesic effect of oral and intranasal Midazolam group began at 15minutes. It became increasingly, oral Midazolam group experienced extremely amnesic effect at 45minutes, intranasal Midazolam group was at 30minutes. 4. After 30minutes of Midazolam administration, anterograde amnesia of oral Midazolam group is more effective than intranasal Midazolam group.
Keywords: Conscious Sedation | Midazolam | Anterograde amnesia
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