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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2005;32(3): 403-408.
Hwi-Hoon Jung, Hyung-Jun Choi, Seong-Oh Kim, Byung-Jai Choi, Jae-Ho Lee
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry and Oral Science research Center, Yonsei University
Corresponding Author: Jae-Ho Lee ,Tel: 02-2228-3173, Email: leejh@yumc.yonsei.ac.kr
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Ankylosis is defined as a fusion of cementum or dentine with alveolar bone. Due to the loss of the periodontal ligament on the ankylotic area, the tooth is incapable of continued eruption and hence is unable to follow the normal vertical development of the neighboring teeth and alveolar process. A 6-year-old female was referred to the Dept. of Pediatric Dentistry for ankylosis of primary molars and congenital missing of permanent premolars on both jaws. She had neither specific past medical history nor trauma and infection history in oral and maxillofacial region. Radiographic finding is that the maxillary primary molars were the early onset of ankylosis and had fast root resorption rate. However the mandibular primary molars were ankylosed later and being resorbed slower than maxillary primary molars. The object of treating this case is to maintain the proper alveolar bone growth and retention of deciduous molars. The point of managing this case is as follows: Proper treatment (observation, restoration, or extraction) should be established after thorough consideration of the time of onset, the root resorption rate, progression of infraocclusion and the development of alveolar bone support. We should consider the timing of extraction of the ankylosed teeth without problem of neighbouring alveolar bone growth and tilting of adjacent teeth in the view of growth spurt. Early diagnosis is important to avoid many of the complications with infraoccluded primary molars.
Keywords: Tooth ankylosis | Alveolar bone growth | Growth spurt | Extraction
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