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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2001;28(2): 271-280.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN DIETARY HABITS AND DENTAL CARIES EXPERIENCE IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Jae-Gon Kim, Cheol-Wan Cheon, Doo-Cheol Lee, Byeong-Ju Baik
Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Institute of Oral Bioscience, College of Dentistry, Chonbuk National University
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ABSTRACT
The aim of the present study was to analyze relationship between dietary habits and dental caries experience in preschool children. All 143 boys and 124 girls living in a chonju city were investigated dmf index by dentists through oral examination and dietary habit by children's mothers through questionaires such as infant diets and food preferences. The statistical analysis were performed to evaluate whether variations in dietary habits are related to dental caries experience. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The average dmf index scores of all children were examined 2.92±1.05. The girls had higher than the boys, but no significant differences between the genders were seen the dmf index(P>0.05). 2. The higher were their age of children, the higher dmf index was investigated. The dmf index of 5 and 6-yr old childrens was higher than that in 3 and 4-yr old children(P<0.05). 3. No significant difference was found between the present of mother's occupation (P>0.05) and type of infant dietary habits(P>0.05). 4. The fruits and sea weeds were showed high degree of preference and fats and vegetables were showed low degree generally. Among 13 food groups, there was no significant difference between boys and girls except for sea weeds(P>0.05). 5. Among 13 food groups, the dmf index was positively associated with sugars(r=0.3854, P<0.05), dairy products(r=0.4328, P<0.05) and soft drinks(r=0.2586, P<0.05), and negatively associated with other food groups.
Keywords: Dental caries experience | Dietary habits | Dmf index | Preschool children
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