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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2001;28(3): 391-402.
최남기, 양규호
전남대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실 및 치의학연구소
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The reports concerning dental disease in handicapped children are contentious, and there are many differences of opinion as to what extent handicapped children differ in oral health and disease from healthy children. The present study was done by conducting a comprehensive study and evaluation of the oral health between the 267 handicapped and the 128 normal persons with regard to caries rate, occlusion and the condition of the periodontium. The result showed that the dft, the dfs and DMFT indices of handicapped persons according to age were significantly lower than those of normal persons(p<0.05). The prevalence of gingivitis in handicapped persons increased with age and was significantly higher than those reported for normal persons(p<0.001). It was found that the handicapped group had a significant difference in the class distribution of occlusion, with a higher percentage of Class II and Class III occlusion from that observed in the control group(p<0.05).
Keywords: Handicapped persons | Dental caries | Gingivitis | Occlusion
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