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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2013;40(1): 1-10.
Hyun-Jung Kim, Shin Kim, Tae-Sung Jeong
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University
Corresponding Author: Tae-Sung Jeong ,Tel: +82-55-360-5181, Email: tsjeong@pusan.ac.kr
Received: March 26, 2012;  Accepted: October 11, 2012.
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Dental erosion is a complex disease of multifactorial etiology with high risk of loss of tooth structure, which still has not been appropriate interest. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk indicators of dental erosion in Korean school children. A cross-sectional survey was performed on 664 children aged 8~9 years. Data concerning gender, types of caregiver, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parental knowledge were obtained from a questionnaire, which was answered by the parents of the children. Association between erosion and the factors were statistically analyzed with chi-squared test and independent t-test at a significance level of 0.05. Dental erosion was present in 242 children. In carbonated drinks, dental erosion was significantly associated with preference, frequency of consumption and the ingestion method (p < 0.05). In fruit juices, dental erosion was significantly associated with preference and frequency of consumption (p < 0.05), but no significant associations were found with the ingestion method (p > 0.05). There were no significant associations between dental erosion and gender, type of caregiver, oral hygiene habits and parental knowledge (p > 0.05). In conclusion, it was considered that motivation to be followed by practice is important as well as education for prevention of dental erosion.
Keywords: Dental erosion | Risk indicators | Prevalence | Children
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