Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2001;28(4):583-592.
Published online November 30, 2001.
INHIBITORY EFFECT OF LACTOCOCCUS LACTIS 1370 ON THE FORMATION OF DENTAL PLAQUE IN CHILDREN
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Abstract
his study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical effect of inhibiting plaque formation of Lactococcus lactis 1370, a acid producing bacterium residing in the mouth. 30 children were asked to use 10ml of control mouth-wash and mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370. The plaque index and plaque area rate at 24h and 48h after the use of the mouthwashes were measured. And the number of Lactococcus lactis 1370 was counted at 1h, 3h, and 6h in the mouth. The results are as follow. 1. The mean plaque index at 24h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 2.43 and 2.06, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 15% (P<0.05). 2. The mean plaque index at 48h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 2.95 and 2.17, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 26%, showing more decrease than at 24h(P<0.05). 3. The mean plaque area rate at 24h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 21.2% and 15.6%, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 26% (P<0.05). 4. The mean plaque area rate at 48h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 33.0% and 17.8%, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 46% (P<0.05). 5. The number of Lactococcus lactis 1370 in the mouth decreased significantly from mouthwashing to 3h, but increased slightly between 3h and 6h. As seen with the above results, we think that using the mouth wash with Lactococcus lactis 1370 would prevent the formation of plaque in the mouth and can be an effective method to prevent dental caries and periodontal disease.
Key Words: Mouthwash, Lactococcus lactis, Dental caries, Plaque index


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