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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2001;28(4): 626-632.
USE OF MAGNETS IN THE TREATMENT OF ECTODERMAL DYSPLASIA
주진형, 이광희, 김대업, 이종선
원광대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실, 원광치의학연구소
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ABSTRACT
Ectodermal dysplasia is a hereditary disease characterized by congenital dysplasia of one or more ectodermal structures. Intraorally, common findings are anodontia or oligodontia, conical teeth, and, consequently, generalized spacing. This case presented the oral rehabilitation of a child with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. Oral rehabilitation is important from functional, esthetic, and psychologic perspectives. Due to the absence of teeth, the volume of alveolar bone and its growth are decreased, resulting in a loss of vertical dimension and protuberant lips. The treatment involved increasing the patient's vertical dimension of occlusion, fabricating a maxillary partial denture, and using magnets to help retain the mandibular partial denture. A 5-year 7-month old Korean boy was referred to the pediatric department for examination, evaluation and treatment of his disorder. we used magnets on '73 and '83 for enhanced retention of a mandibular overdenture. The magnet used in this case was the Magfit system(GC Co., Japan).
Keywords: Ectodermal dysplasia | Oligodontia | Magnetic attachment | Overdenture
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