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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2000;27(4): 499-504.
백병주, 김상훈, 이승익, 김재곤
전북대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실 및 구강생체과학연구소
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Amelogenesis imperfecta is defined as a genetically determined effect affecting enamel formation and may be associated with other ectodermal or systemic disorders. It is entirely an ectodermal disturbance, since the mesodermal components of the teeth are basically normal. The presentation of diverse clinical manifestations in 1:14,000 to 1:16,000. Classification of the AI types considers mode of inheritance and clinical manifestations. The most widely accepted classification system recognize three major groups; i.e., hypoplastic(thin enamel), hypocalcified(primary mineralization defect), hypomaturation(defect in enamel maturation). The treatment is that at first, genetic counselling must be practiced, and in anterior teeth, composite resin veneer or jacket crown for esthetics, and in posterior teeth, stainlees steel crown or gold onlay.
Keywords: Amelogenesis impefecta | Hypoplasia | Hypocalcification | Hypomaturation | Enamel
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