Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 1996;23(4):893-898.
Published online November 30, 1996.
A CONSERVATIVE APPROACH FOR THE NON-INFLAMMATORY GINGIVAL RECESSION IN MIXED DENTITION
 
혼합치열기 아동의 비염증성 치은퇴축에 대한 보존적 접근
김신, 민윤경
부산대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
Abstract
The occlusal disharmonies resulted from labially protruded or malpositioned teeth can damage the periodontium and induce the non-inflammatory gingival recession. For these cases, a conservative approach was performed by improving oral hygiene and correcting the axial and positional status of the gingivally recessed teeth and removing the prematurely contacted areas. In some cases, rapid remission of tooth mobility and gradual decrease of gingival recession was observed just after start of treatment. In cases of gingival recession in permanent lower incisors of the children with mixed dentition, the treatment of choice is non-surgical conservative approaches. In cases when the gingival inflammation can be controlled through reinforcing the oral hygiene, when attached gingiva have a potential to increase in width through growth (not more than 1 year after eruption or not yet arrived at adult level), and when the recession can be corrected by moving the teeth from labial cortical plate through orthodontic treatment, the conservative measures would be the first choice. On the contrary, when recession has exceeded beyond the level of CEJ, when the gingival inflammation existed with the cause of poor oral hygiene, when the attached gingiva have little potential to increase (for example, more than 8 years after eruption), and when the conservative measures yielded no benefit after 4-8 weeks of treatment, the surgical approaches should be sought.
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