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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2004;31(4): 617-623.
A STUDY ON THE ENAMEL EROSION CAUSED BY ORANGE JUICES
이창윤, 정태성, 김신
부산대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
Corresponding Author: 김신 ,
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ABSTRACT
Acidic drink has been known as a cause of tooth erosion. The purpose of this study is to verify the acid levels of orange juices in market and evaluate the erosion effects on the enamel of deciduous teeth by orange juices in relatively short period of time. With four kinds of orange juice selected from market, pH, buffering capacity and concentration of Ca and P ion were measured. And forty segments of normal enamel of deciduous incisors were divided into four groups and level of erosion was measured by surface hardness test before and after soaking at 50ml of orange juice for 10 minutes. The results of this study showed that the average pH of orange juices was 4.0 and this pH value was so acidic as to cause the tooth erosion. There were differences in small quantity for each group of teeth, however, the result was statistically so significant that orange juices can cause enamel erosion in relatively short period of time.
Keywords: Dental erosion | Orange juice | pH | Buffer effect | Inorganic ions
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