Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2006;33(2):233-243.
Published online May 31, 2006.
EFFECT OF C-FACTOR AND LAYERING TECHNIQUE ON THE CONTRACTION FORCE OF COMPOSITE RESIN RESTORATION TO TOOTH SURFACE
 
Correspondence:  , 
Abstract
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the C-factor and shrinkage strain values of composite resin and examine the strain values in different incremental filling techniques. Experiment consisted two aims. First, we compared with strain value in two different C-factors(3.7 and 1.0). Second, we examined the strain values in three different filling techniques. The results of the present study can be summarized as follows : 1. High C-factor groups showed higher contraction stress values than low C-factor groups at 900 sec after polymerization. 2. Hybrid resin showed higher contraction stress values than flowable resin in high C-factor cavities. But contraction stress was not revealed significant difference between hybrid resin and flowable resin in low C-factor cavities (P>0.05). 3. Bulk felling with hybrid resin(Group 1) showed high contraction stress and lining with flowable resin followed hybrid resin (Group 5) showed lower contraction stress. 4. Contraction stress were increased during 900 sec after polymerization in high C-factor groups but decreased gradually after 900 sec. 5. Low C-factor groups showed tight marginal seal between resin and cavity wall but high C-factor groups showed gaps formed between resin and cavity wall in part. On the basis above results, layering techniques in high C-factor cavity showed advantages in reducing contraction stress and gap formation between cavity wall and resin restoration.
Key Words: Composite resin, Light curing, C-factor, Polymerization shrinkage, Contraction stress


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