Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2006;33(2):165-172.
Published online May 31, 2006.
DIRECT PULP CAPPING WITH BONDING RESIN
 
접착용 레진을 이용한 유치의 직접 치수복조술에 관한 연구
조해성, 최영철
경희대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
Correspondence:  , 
Abstract
A direct pulp capping with different medicaments has been attempted for a long time. The most commonly used among those is the calcium hydroxide. In primary teeth, however, a success rate of direct pulp capping with calcium hydroxide has been reported to be lower than that of pulpotomy. The disappointing results of calcium hydroxide have prompted the search for other capping materials. Lately, several researchers suggested an application of adhesive resin-based composite systems as a capping material. They claimed that when an exposed vital pulp is capped directly with bonding resin, the pulp tissue is free of inflammation or necrosis without clinical symptoms. The aim of this study was to compare short-term effects of the bonding resin which was applied on the mechanically exposed vital pulp tissue and those of direct pulp capping with calcium hydroxide. The second objective was to compare success rates of the primary teeth which already underwent physiologic root resorption and those of the teeth which had not undergone physiologic root resorption yet, in each capping material groups. The vital, healthy pulp of forty-one primary teeth were exposed mechanically during a cavity preparation. They were divided into two groups: Group 1(n=21) underwent capping with bonding resin, and group 2(n=20) underwent capping with calcium hydroxide. Then these two groups were subdivided into two groups in each : the teeth which show physiologic root resorption and the teeth without root resorption. All of the sample teeth were restored with composite resin. Clinical evaluations such as percussion test, ice test, EPT, were recorded and also before- and after- standard x-ray films were compared and evaluated to decide whether the case was successful or not. Evaluation was performed at least 3 months after the capping materials. The results were as follows 1. There was no difference in success rate between group 1 and group 2. 2. Success rate of the teeth with physiologic root resorption was higher than that of the teeth without physiologic root resorption in group 1 and group 2. 3. There was no difference in success rate between anterior teeth and posterior teeth.
Key Words: Direct pulp capping, Bonding resin, Physiologic root resorption, Primary tooth
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