Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2003;30(1):110-115.
Published online February 28, 2003.
MANAGEMENT OF DENS EVAGINATUS IN PREMOLAR
 
Abstract
Dens evaginatus is an anomalous tooth development arising during morphodifferentiation. It is most often reported in premolar, and familial occurrence has been reported. The primary dental complication of dens evaginatus is fracture or wear of the tubercle which leads to pulp exposure, pulpal necrosis and periapical infection. Pathosis of the pulp can occur before complete root formation with cessation of root development. A rational and conservative approach to the management of dens evaginatus in vital teeth includes early diagnosis and treatment to prevent fracture or attrition of the tubercle. This treatment would include careful sequential grinding, pulp capping, preventive resin restoration. When presented with a case of dens evaginatus in a nonvital tooth with incomplete root development, the treatment of choice has been extraction, apexification. We report two cases of dens evaginatus that appear in two sisters. In the elder, a periapical lesion on radiographs is shown, and it is treated by calcium hydroxide apexification. The other sister is early recognized of dens evaginatus, it is treated using glass ionomer cement reinforcing with sequential grinding.
Key Words: Dens evaginatus, Apexification, Sequential grinding


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