Journal of the Korean Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 2011;38(4):355-361.
Published online November 30, 2011.
AN EFFECT OF SLEEPING HOURS PRIOR TO PROCEDURE ON CHLORAL HYDRATE SEDATION FOR PEDIATRIC DENTAL PATIENT
Yujin Maeng, Sohee Oh
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University 
Correspondence:  Sohee Oh,  Tel: 031-380-5973, Email: pedopia@chol.com
Received: 2 December 2010   • Accepted: 25 October 2011
Abstract
Sedative method and its effect are affected by diverse variables: dosage and intake method of drug, weight, gender, patient compliance, sleeping hours prior to procedure, treatment hours, health status, type of used drugs are the factors. This study is conducted with empirical observation that shorter the sleeping hours before the day of chloral hydrate sedation, the effectiveness is larger; and therefore to actually recognize the correlation between chloral hydrate/hydroxyzine sedation and sleeping hours of child patient prior to sedation. The subjects were those children whose sleeping hours were similar to each other at the ages ranging from 2 to 5 years old totaling 37 children. Total 11 of them received pulp treatment. Sedative effect was evaluated by the same assessor with Houpt's rating scale. Sedative effect in relation with prior day's sleeping hours evaluated with simple regression analysis. Sedative effect in relation with pulp treatment was analyzed with independent t-test. Sleeping hours prior to sedation and sedation effect have negative correlation. No significant correlation is found between pulp treatment and sedation effect(p>0.05).
Key Words: Chloral hydrate, Sleeping hours prior to sedation, Houpt’s rating scale


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