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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2008;35(3): 532-538.
TONGUE INJURIES BY SELF MUTILATION IN LESCH-NYHAN SYNDROME PATIENT: A CASE REPORT
Ji-Hee Kim, Byung-Jai Choi, Seong-Oh Kim, Hyung-Jun Choi, Heung-Kyu Son, Jae-Ho Lee
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry and Oral Science Research Center, Yonsei University
Corresponding Author: Jae-Ho Lee ,Tel: 02-2228-8800, 3173, Email: leejh@yuhs.ac
Received: January 21, 2008;  Accepted: July 3, 2008.
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ABSTRACT
Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is a rare X-linked recessively inherited disorder, caused by complete absence or decrease in activity of hypoxanthine guanine phosphoribosyl transferase(HPRT), an enzyme involved in purine metabolism. This enzyme deficiency gives rise to nephropathy symptoms, such as hyperuricosuria and hyperuricemia by excessive uric acid production and neuropathy symptoms, such as mental retardation, choreoathetosis and self mutilation behavior. Patients with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome have tendency to bite their lip, tongue and finger. In severe cases, partial or even total amputation of tongue or finger occur. Self-inflicted bites are often complicated by secondary infection to the injured site as well as pain. Furthermore tissue loss by biting results in esthetic problems. The dental management of self mutilation includes treatment with appliances such as soft mouth guard or lip bumper, extraction of all the teeth, and orthognathic surgery. We report a case of a 13 year-old boy with Lesch-Nyhan syndrome, who severely injured himself on his tongue. At first, conservative treatment using soft mouth guard was considered, but it could not prevent trauma on his tongue. Therefore, extraction of the lower anterior and posterior teeth was carried out.
Keywords: Lesch-Nyhan syndrome | Self mutilation | Tongue wound | Mouth guard | Extraction of teeth
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