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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2002;29(3): 362-370.
SELECTED MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF ORMOCER RESTORATIVE MATERIALS
이동수, 정태성, 김신
부산대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
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ABSTRACT
During the last two decades, many new filling materials and material groups have been developed. the number of available restoratives has increased dramatically, especially during the last 5 years. Ormocers are a new class of materials which are still under development with regard to dental applications. However, in the chemical literature these materials have been known for a long time and used for producing scratch resistant coatings on plastic spectacle lenses. It is a combination of inorganic and organic materials. 'Ormocer' is an abbreviation for 'Organically Modified Ceramics'. These compounds are also known in the literature as 'Ormosils' (organically modified silicates). Their chemistry is comparable to that of silicones and organic polymers. The purpose of this study was to determine of compressive strength and flexural strength of a ormocer (Admira) and to investigate the effects of water absorption in comparison with three composite resins(Z-100, Tetric Ceram, Surefil) and one compomer(Dyract AP). The following results were obtained ; 1. Admira had the lower compressive strength than Surefil, but no statistically difference with other materials at 1 day(p>0.05). 2. Admira had the lower flexural strength than all other materials at 1 day. From 2 days, Admits showed lower flexural strength than three composite resin(p<0.05). 3. There was not statistically significant difference of compressive and flexural strengths between hybrid composite resin group(Z-100, Tetric Ceram) and Packable resin group(Surefil) for experimental period(30 days)(p>0.05). 4. All five materials showed an increase in compressive and flexural strength till 2 days and showed a decrease from 7 days in water(p<0.05). 5. Each materials had the statistically similar behavior of compressive and flexural strengths over time(p>0.05).
Keywords: Ormocer | Water absorption | Composite resin | Compressive strength | Flexural strength
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