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J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent. 2001;28(3): 345-354.
AN EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDY ON THE PEDIATRIC PATIENTS IN DEPARTMENT-OF PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY, CHOSUN UNIVERSITY DENTAL HOSPITAL FOR LAST 10 YEARS(1990-1999)
류현섭, 김효석, 이창섭, 이상호
조선대학교 치과대학 소아치과학교실
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ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to make public oral health plan more effective and the improvement of the hospital management system for better clinical dental practice. Distribution and trends were examined in all patients who had been examined and diagnosed at Department of Pedodontics, Dental Hospital, Chosun University over 10 year-period from 1990 to 1999 Results were as follows, 1. The number of patients per year was increasing trend after 1996 and higher visiting rate in male(55.9%) than in female(44.1%). 2. Age distribution had shown 3~4 year-old cup being the largest (23.4%) and each percentage of 5~6, 7~8, 0~2, 9~10, 11~12, 13~14, above~15 year-old group was 19.9%, 17.7%, 14.6%, 12.6%, 8.0%, 3.3%. 0.5%. 3. Geographic distribution showed a majority of patients in Kwang-Ju (83.0%). Group in the suburbs of Kwang-Ju(Jang-Sung group) was 5.4%. 4. Dental caries showed the highest percentage(40.5%) in chief complaints and percentage of oral exam, orthodontic problem, oral pain, trauma, supernumerary teeth, swelling was 13.9% 12.6%, 8.8%, 7.4%, 5.5%, 4.9%. 5. In all patients with traumatic problem, crown fracture showed the highest percentage(41.4%) and percentage of subluxation was 19.4%. 6. Majority(78.7%) of patients were not refered, and percentage of patients refered from local clinic was 20.5%. 7. Patients who had periodic check-up comprised 19.6%, and percentage of after 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24month was 36.7%, 22.2%, 13.5%, 11.3%, 5.4%, 11.0%.
Keywords: Pediatric patients | Chief complaints | Distribution and trends
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